The dangers of encouraging dominance in debate

image

As a teacher, how do you react when one student (or a small minority) dominate discussion and class debate? Do you step in to include the rest of the group or just let the one-sided rhetoric run its natural course? If you intervene, what is the usual outcome and why do you interject? Similarly, if you choose to become another bystander within the arena, why the stance of passivity rather than the role of moderator? I am genuinely interested in a public response to these questions as I have my own opinion and modus operandi but am keen to see what teachers of more discussion based subjects do. How do we perceive as our role in this forum and to what end are the reasons for our choice?

Love or hate Jeremy Corbyn he has certainly brought a different attitude to political debate than we have been party to for decades. His approach is one of reason and discussion, of measure and discourse. He is clearly passionate about what he is arguing for (and against) but never once does it overflow into a lack of respect for fellow human or their opinion. This has been a very different floor show than the public are used to from parliament which, at times has been akin to opposing fans on football terraces.

image

Yesterday, I spent my morning watching the excellent debates that were recently held at the Michaela School in Wembley. The one which I was most excited about was the one between Daisy Christodoulou and Guy Claxton as it was something I felt quite strongly about. Incidentally, I’m a huge fan of Guy and was keen to know more about Daisy as I avidly read her work but wanted to see her in action. The title of the debate was “Sir Ken is right” and was about creativity in schools. It is most definitely worth a watch and can be found here. Being more on the progressive side of the spectrum, Daisy had her work cut out to convince me otherwise, especially going up against a heavyweight such as Guy. However, listening to her speak, her reasoned and passionate case for a traditional education having a place in our society seemed more than worthwhile. Daisy’s manner and disposition was not how I had imagined it to be, I had a very ignorant preconception of an academic, well-spoken individual who would be somewhat aloof. She was clearly well-read and to that end well-respected, hence a glowing reputation at such a young age. In addition to those qualities, Daisy was charming and down-to-earth, spoke in a language that was engaging and which didn’t exclude any group through bias. She developed ethos with her audience quickly through reasoned argument, fact and passionate personal opinion backed up with evidence to support her claims. Guy was equally brilliant in stating his case, there were many points on which both opponents disagreed vehemently but they did so respectfully. As an observer, I could hear all the claims and their justifications and was able to form my own opinion based on the debate that had ensued. I did surprise myself, I found that I had moved further along the traditional route than I had bargained for. Daisy had won me over, she’d argued her case brilliantly and beautifully. Additionally, I’m even more interested in what she will have to say in the future, she has gained further respect with the way she conducted herself at Michaela. Equally Jonathan Porter’s expression of affection for Michael Gove surprised me even more so. Unfortunately he hasn’t convinced me yet but in an excellent execution of rhetoric, he managed to share a very different perspective that I had never considered before. You can watch him in action here.

I’m not a fan of football, well that’s not strictly true. I used to love playing it but I find myself increasingly dismayed when I watch the professional game on television. It’s not the game itself which bothers me as such, it’s the way in which teams behave towards one another and the officials when a decision does not go their way. Unfortunately, these attitudes are becoming more apparent at amateur and junior levels. They are replicating the behaviour they see and it has now become acceptable practice in football.

image

image

Modelling is important, I’m acutely aware that, as a teacher I am always on duty. This is a fact. If I didn’t accept this I would not continue to teach. I know that I can be seen in the local area, in the wider region (I’ve even bumped into students whilst on a cruise) and in the widest global community of the internet. This doesn’t mean I have to hide everything about my personal life (I fundamentally disagree with any teacher having to hide aspects of who they are) but it does mean that I have a responsibility in the way I conduct myself both in school and outside of it. Students are naturally inquisitive (as are adults) about role models and will try to find out about their teachers. In my day it used to be finding out your teachers’ first names but now Google stalking is the sport of choice. So whilst a teacher’s personal life is their own, it’s always important to be mindful of how we conduct ourselves. Young people model what they see. I’d much rather them model Daisy and Guy than the behaviours of some over-riding Premiership footballers. I belive that it is my responsibility to encourage this through my own authenticity and actions.

The best part of my role is working with people, building mutually beneficial relationships through collegiate practice. Primarily, it’s my job to help others, however, I consider myself blessed. I’ve learned so many things which has developed my own teaching and leadership through listening to others. It is only through discussion, observation and being exposed to opposing perspectives and approaches that I’ve grown as a person. The position of SLT is a fortunate one which enables this insight, however this level of awareness is something which all teachers, whatever the stage in their career can benefit from. Something, which, as a school we are encouraging through our triad led personalised professional development model this year. More recently, I have also been fortunate enough to visit lots of schools in different settings, teachers from these schools offer another perspective which can sometimes not be considered because we’ve never had that level of insight as we may have never experienced their contexts. This opportunity is one of growth and gives balance. Different viewpoints might not change my opinion or approach but they quality assure a well-considered perspective rather than a single-minded one which is founded on I’m right you’re wrong mentality not dissimilar to that of Mr Wormwood in Roald Dahl’s Matilda. Conversation with colleagues always includes the use of social media as a means of sharing practice and opinion with a wider audience. It is saddening to hear that professionals who have a lot to share with the community choose to stand on the sidelines rather than contribute because they are worried about being made to feel inferior or that they are not intelligent enough to participate. Surely we should be encouraging their engagement rather than excluding a significant proportion of people who could help to affect change on a larger scale? A staggering amount of teachers use Twitter as platform of communication but there are only a small proportion of this number who actively contribute to the forum. Is this not a sea of opinion, practice and perspective that we might be missing out on? Their input can only serve to enhance the rich tapestry that is weaving its way into our educational landscape. Are the reasons which these professionals give for their lack of contribution any different than the way some students feel at a class level? Would we want just a handful of dominant voices to be heard or would we want the group to feel involved and engaged? I can pre-empt the response of those readers who will adopt the well if they can’t take the heat mentality. This isn’t surprising but it isn’t unwelcome as I would like to engage precisely those people in this type of discussion. If you find yourself always in the right and never questioning the reasonableness of your argument then perhaps it is time to stop and take stock.

image

The crux of this blog is that in having a respectful debate, it encourages an audience to see all perspectives and form an opinion based on a holistic approach. I can accept the fact that students use a different approach to solving equations than I might prefer to use providing the fact that they have explored other ways than their own preference through dialogue and listening to others. In more serious matters, it is acceptable to choose the opposite end of the spectrum providing you can empathise with what it looks like from the other side. More importantly it is vital that we teach our children to do this respectfully and with tolerance. We are in a world where this may be paramount to our survival as a global society. It is our role as teachers to give students the opportunity to form a broad and balanced opinion, developed through fact, evidence and reason; to model the behaviour that we wish them to adopt in every form of communication we use. It is our responsibility to give them a different perspective, to encourage a view through different eyes.

Advertisements

3 thoughts on “The dangers of encouraging dominance in debate

  1. Pingback: #Michaela debate blogs | A Roller In The Ocean

  2. What a great blog. And the use of Mr Wormwood is inspired. One that, I’m afraid, I may steal in the future, it’s just too perfect not to use again. (The magie nature of teaching is something I suspect may never leave me).

    Daisy really is quite different to the way she is portrayed by some people. Your portrayal of her is exactly how I’ve always found her to be, too. Smart with a down-to-earthness that escapes many of her intellect.

    What do you think can be done to encourage quieter people to step into the realm of online debate?

    Like

    1. Feel free to magpie away Laura! Glad you liked it. Encouraging quieter people is a tough one but we are missing out on so many ideas by encouraging the more vocal tweeters to dominate in a bullish fashion. Daisy C has proven to be one of the loveliest people I’ve come across in the virtual world. This is also true for the likes of yourself, Jill Berry, Debra Kidd, John Tomsett and Tom Sherrington. As a consequence, even though I may not always agree with their point of view, I am willing to listen to it. I find it more difficult to listen to belligerent tweeters/bloggers even when their arguments hold weight. I suppose it’s all about what you’re trying to achieve through social media, for me it’s to develop my own perspective by listening to the voices of others (even the bullish ones) so encouraging everyone to contribute is an ideal. For those who serve to feed their own ego will be happy for a silent fellowship or the sycophants who only agree. Perhaps a forum of debate where guidelines are clear? Where people op in? Not sure. What do you think?

      Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s